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Materials 2017-10-12T15:56:47+00:00

L’interiorità si esprime attraverso la materia

… e la materia realizza i nostri sogni

We made the right choice not to compromise with the market, for this reason we only use medium and high quality materials; we only address suppliers who have our own prerogative: to give the excellence of “Made in Italy” in a key ethical respectful for the man and the environment.

Mosaics
Parquet
Marble and Stones
Cotto
Ceramics and Gress
Resins
Plasters
Toylets
Taps
Accessories

Mosaics

The mosaic is one of the solutions that you can choose for wall and floor coatings that allows you to get the most original and creative results, in the style of elegance.
We have a great choice of mosaics, both in shapes and in materials, either in colors and surface type.
We have:
– Wooden mosaics;
– Glassy mosaics;
– Metal mosaics;
– Ceramic mosaic;
– Mosaics with mother-of-pearl effect;
– Japanese mosaics of the highest quality and originality.
The Japanese mosaic (one of the very rare exceptions we make to “Made in Italy” but it is explained by the uniqueness of the product) is made for bio-architecture with hand-mounted, one-by-one, ceramic tiles. Each tile consists mainly of an extremely light microporous clay and of Japanese volcanic ash, and when applied to wall or ceiling, it uses air pressure, which pushes the air against the walls, carrying moisture, odors and harmful and toxic substances. This special clay , filters the air, retains moisture in excess and releases the lacking one, ensuring a humidity degree in the air between 40% and 70%. This eliminates the risk of mold and avoids proliferation of mites. Even volatile organic odors and components, carried by the air, are retained by atomic charge differential, filtered and eliminated. These mosaics are available in various natural colors and sizes: from mosaic 3X3 cm to small brick 5X20 cm to sizes of 30X30 cm, 30X45 cm and 45X45 cm. It does not require maintenance, it can be used on internal walls and ceilings and its attributes do not run out over time. It is a completely recyclable material, and received from the Building Center of Japan the BCJ-AIBT certificate as the first building material able to reduce concentrations in formaldehyde and toluene, regardless of external factors such as temperature and humidity.
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Parquet

All timber we use is covered by the PEFC (Program for Endorsement of Forest Certification Scheme), which guarantees the sustainability of forest management where wood comes from and the traceability of wood products when marketed and processed.
We can offer you a solid wood flooring:solid – stratified – for outdoor – shaped.

The rough solid wood floor to be finished is the traditional one. It is available in various lengths and widths in the most prestigious woody species, both European and exotic. We also have solid wood interlocking planks with lengths up to 2500mm, either raw or already pre-treated with brushing, bleaching etc …

Layered flooring combines various shapes and thicknesses. From prefinished two and three-layer wooden and parquet floors to the large planks. Products that meet the needs of combining wood heat, with practical handling and easy maintenance.

Beautiful and durable, easy and fast to install, outdoor wood is the ideal solution for those who do not know how to give up the warmth and design of a wooden floor even in outdoor spaces.

Solid wood cleverly cut and laid gives the environment an exclusive look by shaping the space with the natural nature of the wood and its warm colors that become the protagonists of the home, this is the shaped wood.

The most common floor surface treatments are as follows:

OILED PARQUET (or waxed)
Oiled parquet looks much more natural than painted one and is better suited to special finishes (bleaching, pickling, anti aging) as it enhances its features. For most people the oiled parquet is “more beautiful” than a varnished.
It scratches more easily (it does not have the paint that protects it) but can be perfectly restored without the intervention of a parquetist; simply cleaning it with a soap containing oil particles makes scratching the same color as the table thus hiding it. On a varnished one, the other hand, a scrape of the paint shows up on the wood. The result is that even after many years an oiled parquet is a “lived” floor but always pleasing and bright.
It gets dirty more easily (the surface is less smooth than a varnished) but in the case of spots or stains it can be restored by acting only where it is ruined and without having to call a parquetist. Just apply a detergent that takes away all the oil and stain (even sanding if necessary) and apply a little oil to the point to restore, this is perhaps the greatest advantage of an oiled parquet. The varnished ones do not allow this and when stained or ruined, the entire room is to be painted and varnished.
The oiled parquet is becoming more and more beautiful over the years, the oil penetrates more and more deeply and makes it brighter and more durable. Just think about the parquets found in the English pubs, all rigorous oiled, lived and always beautiful.

AGAINST

If it is an industrial production (where the amount of oil used is reduced) it is highly recommended to make an initial oiling when it is laid, it is a treatment that can also be done by your self and that takes only a few hours; it is necessary to pass the oil on the surface and stretch it with a cloth or a normal floor polisher (to speed up). This treatment should then be carried out every 4-5 years if oil soaps are used (which nourish the wood while cleaning) or annually if only detergent soaps are used.
It becomes dirty more easily than a varnished, so be careful to use whitened oils where this feature could make cleaning tedious.
They do not absorb if they are well nourished but in the bathroom it is suggested the use of a varnished, unless you are very “meticulous”.

VARNISHED PARQUET

It is definitely a more practical parquet: it scratches harder and is simply cleaned with a soft, damp cloth without the help of special detergents.
No annual or multiannual maintenance is required, in case, to make it last longer, a product may be applied every now and then to make the paint more elastic and brighter.
It absorbs much less anything that is liquid so you can be “relatively” more secure in the event of a fall of oils, water, coffee (wine, especially if red is removed instantly).
In Italy it is the most widespread (in the Northern countries it is much more diffused than oiled) and this allows to find a much wider range of colors than the oiled parquet.
It is cheaper than an oiled parquet (the paint costs less than oil and is easier to apply when in production).
AGAINST
It reflects the light more and is therefore less “natural” than an oiled parquet even if opaque varnishes and treatments exist (eg brushing and planing) that reduce this negative aspect.
It scratches harder but the scratches are more evident than on an oiled parquet (on varnished a scrape on the paint shows up) and above all it cannot be repaired except by the intervention of a parquetist who smooths it again(every 10-15 years). One tip: if the scratch is really evident, there are commercially available “correctors” or wood-colored pencils that can make scratches a little less visible.

GRINDING
This process eliminates all surface irregularities through the use of abrasives of various grains.

BRUSHING
This effect is obtained by treating the surface with teflon brushes by removing the soft part of the grain and highlighting the natural veins of the wood.

PLANING (by machine or by hand)
Lightweight and uniform planing is carried out with specific machines.
Hand planing, on the other hand, is carried out with traditional tools in different directions with respect to the wood vein and with irregular effect giving the floor an appearance that seems to be conferred by the effects of time, since at the sight it is irregular and excavated.

DISTRESSING
We have antique or old planks, obtained from ancient beams, etc …
Otherwise we can get the antique effect on new planks , where the node edges and splits are highlighted by the darkest color to accentuate the antique effect of the plank.

PRESSING
In addition to underline the striped design, the pressing gives the surface a higher hardness.

WOODWORM
An antique effect that gives the wood a lived look by adding the typical crawling holes.

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Marble and natural and rebuilt stones for interior and exterior

Materials are subdivided into these four macro categories:
– GRANITE – MARBLE – ONYX – NATURAL STONES (sandstone and limestone)
THE GRANITE
Granite is born out of the fire. This is a fiery igneous rock, also called magmatic, generated by the cooling and crystallization of a molten magma.
The magma that comes to the surface, undergoes a sudden change of temperature and gives rise to effusive rocks, when, instead, it solidifies slowly below Earth’s surface it becomes intrusive rock.
Intrusive rocks cool down slowly and this allows the gradual formation of well visible crystals, often also of large granules. In this case we talk about granitoid rocks, which are collected in deep large accumulations of the so-called batoliti. Intrusive rocks can be led to the surface due to weather conditions that erode the cover or thanks to movements of the earth’s crust.
Granites are the most representative intrusive rocks: they consist mainly of minerals such as quartz, orthoclase (potassium feldspar), mica, which also determine the particular coloration.
Porphyrous granites, for example, are characterized by large orthoclase crystals (white or grayish).
Features
Hardness is therefore the main characteristic of granite and is highlighted in its ability not to be affected by acidic agents (fruit, vegetables, cleaning products), which results in great value in the use in delicate areas such as kitchen. The natural presence of micropores (which we find in all natural stones) characterize a predisposition to absorb any liquid substances that may generate more or less darker spots depending on the type of liquid absorbed.
This problem is solved by stain treatment, a kind of processing to which granite is subjected to limit the absorption of the liquids and make it immune to haloes.
The presence of quartz and minerals, in different proportions, configures its chromatic aspect and, in a significant way, the different spotted or veined geometry. Granite is suitable for different types of workmanship, but the most suitable finishing for internal furnishing is certainly the polishing: this is obtained by smoothing the granite surface with increasing grain abrasives to obtain a mirror effect; then it is further processed with a layer of wax to increase its shine and protection.
Granite, as compared to other harder stones, keeps the finish much longer due to its hardness caused by the content of quartz and silicon.
Usually in housing construction is used to coat stairs or thresholds.
THE MARBLE
Marble is “alive” and is born from a process called metamorphism (change inform). Marble is a rock originated from limestones that are transformed due to several factors, in particular, temperature and pressure are responsible, increasing with the depth (on average 10 to 30 ° C per kilometer, the so called geothermal gradient). Marbles are generated by thermal or contact metamorphism, due to a significant temperature increases (for example due to direct contact with magma), that trigger the transformation of limestones into saccharoidal marbles, or consisting of large crystals.
Under our feet, therefore, there is a continuous work and the metamorphic rocks we can see on the surface, rose only due to the activity of atmospheric agents or movements of the earth’s crust.

History

Marble has a millennial history, dating back to the age of copper:
in ancient Greece the marble was used in architecture and sculpture;
In ancient Rome marble was a fundamental element of public and private architecture: it was used for coating and adornment of buildings, sculpture and furnishings (such as travertine).
After a period of decline, following the fall of Roman West Empire, marble returned to its original splendor after the year 1000, used for the construction of churches and sacred works (see the famous statuary white of Carrara and the various italian Breccie);
From the Renaissance onwards the marble has not ceased to be a fundamental element in sculpture and architecture, up to today.
But the spread of marble is not just about the history of art. Its resistance and waterproof properties make it suitable for everyday use: floors, staircases, tiles, window sills, worktops, ornamental sinks and even modern objects.

Variety

Marbles can have different types of grain and contain up to 99% of calcite. Often grains indicate the impurities of the composition while color is determined by the presence of subsidiary minerals.
Apuani marbles, whitewashed, are pure, ie almost entirely made of calcite and this is the main cause of the white color that characterizes them. The deep valleys and the arid walls of the Apuane Alps have formed due to a sedimentation (especially of limestones) that took place in the marine environment millions of years ago. Pressures exerted by other marine deposits have caused, due to rising temperatures, the metamorphic phenomena that generated the precious Carrara white marbles, whose original rock was a limestone very similar to that which forms the coral reefs of the tropical seas and dates back to the Giurassico Inferiore geological period, about 190 million years ago. Then, in later periods, it has undergone transformations that have modified the crystalline structure into microscopic calcium carbonate crystals.
Marble varieties differ according to the quarries from which they are extracted.
Here are some of the main features of the most famous Italian marbles in the world, namely those from the Apuan Alps:
White Carrara – its peculiarity is to contain very limited quantities of impurities. The plates have a white-pearl background paste where occasionally small gray grains may also be present.
Statuary – surely among the most valuable. It has been used for sculptures, since Roman times, for its white-ivory coloring.
Venatino – whose main feature is to present fine veins, but many gray that cross a white or slightly greyish background composition.
Arabescato – very similar to Venato as a color but unlike the latter, it has veins that draw on the base a plot similar to an arabesque.
Calacatta – has a yellow cream veins on a white or ivory background paste. It is a marble of great value and its availability is rather limited.
Bardiglio – whose base paste assumes a gray color due to the widespread presence of fine crystals of pyrite.
Cipollino – which has very marked streaks of gray-greenish color that recall the inner structure of the onion.

Compact limestones

Some compact limestones are precious and very used in the building as marble substitutes. However, these are sedimentary rocks that derive from the action of living organisms; In fact, they often include fossils (such as the Pearled of Sicily) and are composed of calcite, dolomite and aragonite.
Among the best known varieties are Botticino di Brescia (beige); Red Orobico Arabescato; the Serena stone; the stone of Trani and the Bronzetto, the classic Roman travertine, the Portoro of Piedmont (dark colored with lighter gold colored veins).
We have also a special case, that of the alabaster: it is a kind of microcrystalline chalk type (also a sedimentary rock), whose coloration is due to the presence of various types of minerals. Volterra’s alabaster is a very valuable rock that is used mainly for ornamental objects. The skill of craftsmen combined with the rock properties can give the artifacts inimitable the play of light and transparency.
The noble and prestigious Italian marble is used for the lining and decoration of interior and exterior spaces, as well as the creation of real works of art such as sculptures. The most popular marble type is the Bianco di Carrara, extracted from ancient times and has always been recognized as a symbol of style, quality and durability. We offer, in addition to this marble, a wide range of natural stones for the most demanding customers.
The advantages of Italian marbles are:
– High degree of machinability
– Very high polishability
– Cold resistance
– Flexibility
– Easy to maintain
– Originality and style

THE STONE

Natural stone is a stone of sandstone origin; it is therefore a sedimentary rock composed of granules that have the size of the sand. It is therefore the union of granules of different origin that settle down together with wind or water, often after a long journey. The composition of the stone therefore depends on the resistance to abrasion and the chemical alteration of the different granules. Usually, natural stone has a large amount of quartz, mineral which, thanks to its strength, is one of the most common constituents of these rocks. The granules are bound together by a cement originating from the chemical precipitation of minerals formed by ions present in the circulating water between the interstitial pores, commonly calcium carbonate is found as cement, in both calcite and aragonite form, less abundantly silica or sometimes an iron oxide.

Features
Being easy to work and good looking, natural stone is widely used in construction.
Compact stone from discrete properties and a uniform blue-gray color, also called “sky-color”, which distinguishes it. Extremely easy to work, it is used for sculptural works and urban furnishings, in the field of restoration and in prestige relizations, environments of representation, business, banks and offices.
Serena stone is best suited for indoor use, Extraforte stone for ornamental use and for outdoor use, Pietro Colombino is a calcarenite and its superior properties make it suitable for outdoor flooring.
Exterior flooring and outdoor stone coatings are the first things we look at in a home.
Natural stone is a product that makes a difference in the exterior presentation of our house, anyway the eye wants its part, with a natural product we can have a great aesthetic performance and unparalleled durability.

ONYX (OR ALABASTER)

Onyx in mineralogy are igneous rocks, crypto-crystalline forms of quartz (SiO2) agate subtype (7 mohs hardness) from which they differ for being streaked.
Commercially the term expanded to include the most aesthetic alabaster, say geologists. But the first text written to create terminological confusion with modern geology is the Genesis where it is referred to as ‘onyx stone’, the Greeks used the term “onux”, which means nails, and even the ancient Romans called “Lapis Onyx” the precious Alabastri of the Nile Valley originally mined in the Egyptian city of Alabastron, from which comes the Greek term Alabastros according to Pliny.
Just Pliny the old – born in Como among other things – in the book XXXVI of his Historia Naturalis in which he speaks of marbles and stones, reports that already at his times someone called them alabaster instead of onyx, and that were the best type of containers in preserving ointments over time.
Marble cutters in Egyptian and Greek tradition have continued to call them onyxes while for geologists they are alabaster (also called stalactites). Anyway case, they are sedimentary rocks (2-3 mohs hardness) similar to the travertines that originate from calcium carbonate precipitation in very quiet underground caves (grottoes) and have zoned structure composed of large crystals of calcite.
They have always been associated with luxury and decorations for their transparent and multicolored appearance; in ancient times the Egyptian alabasters were famous and in the late Roman-medieval times the Tuscan ones (but also found on the Carso and in Lombardy).
They are intensively used as semi-precious in costume jewelry for necklaces or pendants, in furnishings and interior coating, backlit by normal lights give a unique aesthetic effect, for example in the windows of the mausoleum of Galla Placidia (III century, Ravenna) they are used Instead of the glasses.
These are delicate rocks and discolor if exposed for a few years in direct sunlight, which is why they are not usually used outside, with adequate protective treatment can be used as indoor flooring
In commercial language they are often assimilated to the marbles with which they share composition (both have prevalent calcium carbonate content).

Composition:
calcite, calcium sulphate

Geological location:
Holocene 10,000 years ago

Onyx colors are: White – Fantastic – Yellow – Multicolor – Gold
– Pink – Red – Emerald – Green Onice

There are several ways to work the surface of marbles and stones
Polishing
This work with the use of automatic machines, involves polishing the floor, passing from very large abrasive grains to fine grains.
This workmanship is very suitable for indoor use, as in the outside along years the polishing tends to disappear because of acid rain that characterizes our times.

Smoothing (or egg-skin)
Marble sanding is very suitable for outdoor and indoor use.
It gives the marble a very satin look in with no mirroring and where no reflections can be seen.
Outdoors is a very long lasting process, since acid rain does not evidently damage it.

Brushing
Brushing of marble consists of an aging process made with a grinder made with an abrasive plastic material.
Such marble processing generates a so-called orange peel surface, which gives the marble an ancient appearance and time worked.
It is very suitable for both interior and exterior workmanship.
Brushed marble for outdoor fits very well with another outdoor workmanship, “The Bocciardatura”
This machining can be carried out with machines either at the fabric and on the yard, by polishers who can work immediately after the laying of the marble.

Bocciardatura (or hammering)
Marble hammering is carried out at the stonemason with special machines that by means of plates turning on themselves on the surface of the marble beat the marble surface, with some spikes generating small grooves and a hammered surface.
This work can only be done on some types of marble, since not all marbles bear the impact with this workmanship.
It is a workmanship designated for exterior and for some slightly pspecial interior walls.
It grants marble or granite when used in outdoor anti-slip characteristics

Flaming
The flaming of the marble is carried out with very high temperature oxidic tubes. It can be done on some types of marble and practically on all granites.
It gives to the treated piece of marble a natural break look that can in turn be brushed, creating a flamed-brushed surface very beautiful to see.
The flamed marble or granite is very well indicated for both facade cladding and outdoor pavements as it is in its nature non-slip.
It is a beautiful marble workmanship that the builder needs to keep in mind to beautify his houses.

Rolling
Marble rolling is done by marble workers, through a machine that is made up of a toothed roller that rotates at high speed on the marble surface.
This machine carves on the marble rows that can be more or less marked and more or less deep depending on the roll used to perform the work.
It is a workmanship indicated for both interior walls and external floors as non-slipping

Etching
Acid etching is carried out by the marble worker by immersing the marble in special acid tanks.
Marble before etching can be “bocciardato” or sandblasted to increase the wear effect by acidification.
The effect you get is very similar to brushing, but gives the marble a much older look.
It’s a workmanship that can not be done at the yard, but it can only be done at the factory.

Sandblasting
Marble sandblasting is performed by the marble worker and involves a very marked satin finish of the marble.
In addition to this workmanship, marble can be acidified or patinated after working.
By the nature of the work, it gives the marble an ideal non-slip surface for outdoor use.
Not all marbles can be sandblasted, generally too soft marble are excluded or those with excessive holes.

Tumble finishing
The tumbling of the marble is carried out by the marble workers by means of large “buratti”(some sort of tumbler) which give the marble a very “worn out” appearance.
The sizes of tumbled marble tiles rarely exceed the size of 30 x 30 x 2.
Occasionally larger sizes can be produced but production costs are high.
Most used tumbled tiles are 10 x 10 x 1 in size: the so-called Palladian.
If you want it after tumbling, marble can be treated with special paints that give the so treated marble a shiny look.

Chiseling
Marble chiseling can be done either by hand or by machine.
Usually today we use the machines that give the marble so treated a very rustic appearance.
It is used extensively for the execution of window sills.
Nowadays also robots can print, very characteristic, beautiful designs on the marble slabs.

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“Cotto” floors

For those who love rustic surroundings and want a durable and particular flooring in their chromatic imperfections, they can choose terracotta flooring. There are several variants: handmade, industrial, Tuscan, Umbrian, Lombardy, each with unmistakable features. Terracotta tiles belongs to the group of non-glazed and single-fired tiles, and are produced by clay processing, both with manual and industrial techniques.
Furthermore, since made of clay and water and due to the special production processing terracotta tiles are considered biological material.
In Italy there are numerous quarries, from Veneto to Sicily, from which the raw material is extracted and stains vary depending on the geographical origin.
Being a porous paste containing air bubbles, it easily absorbs dirt and needs to be treated with waxy and impregnating products to make it more resistant to penetration of liquids and impurities and to make it easier to clean.
An advantage of this material is that air bubbles retain heat, so it is ideal for covering underfloor heating systems. There are several types of terracotta floors, let’s learn to know them.

Handmade terracotta tiles

Handmade terracotta tiles is done with a craftsmanship procedure, we could say “romanticly” very much like the one used to make bread: once taken, the clay is cleansed from any impurities, left in open air or a few days, milled In fine powder, and then used to make doughs.
On a work surface sand is spreads sand and working proceeds by mixing water and clay to get buns, which are inserted into well-pressed molds that produce the shapes. As soon as extracted by the mold, the tiles are laid on a heated floor and left to dry for about two days.
Meanwhile, craftsmen brush the edges with a rigidly manual procedure and when the drying process is completed, the tiles are placed in the ovens to be cooked at a temperature ranging from 900 to 1020 degrees. The heat penetrates inside, creating chromatic nuances.
After the cooking, tiles remain for a few days in the ovens, then they are removed and are ready for laying. Typical of a hand-crafted terracotta floor are crooked and hollow bricks with various color mottles.

The industrial terracotta tiles

With the industrial methods, the doughs are made by special machines, they are tough and frost-proof (resistant to thermal changes) and the result is a more smooth surface, without imperfections, with tiles similar to each other and a stain without any nuances, which make industrial baking suitable for modern environments; is also widely used for exteriors, for plating avenues, arcades or stairs, receiving treatments with solvent impregnating coatings to ensure it is resistant to frost and climatic changes; is a very long lasting and elegant flooring. These characteristics make it a paving suitable for rustic settings.

The shapes

The terracotta floors can be made of bricks or tiles; bricks are characterized by a parallelepiped shape, they are thick and clumsy, while tiles, or planks, are thinner, have longer lengths and widths than thicknesses and can have different shapes of different sizes: rectangular, square, hexagonal, octagonal, rhomboidal or lozenges, with strips similar to those of parquet; moreover you can create particular geometric compositions in the laying of the planks, to give the floor an artistic touch.

Types of terracotta tiles

As we mentioned earlier, there are different types of such tiles, which are distinguished by the geographical origin of the raw material and the typical natural coloration. Here is a review of the main types of terracotta tiles:

cotto toscano: also called “cotto impruneta” so called because it is produced industrially or handcrafted in the locality of Impruneta, near Florence: is an ancient pavement that has its origins in Etruscan culture and is characterized by the classic intense red color;

cotto umbro: it is produced in Castel Viscardo, in the province of Terni, where there is high quality clay that makes the pavements robust and durable; The Cotto Umbro is characterized by a particular pink color, due to the presence of some minerals in the clay and is highly requested also on the foreign market;

Light Cotto: : it is the lighter colored variety, it has very soft pink or white shades, if left in the natural state it looks like rough stone and is mainly used for outdoor floors such as walkways or poolside; there is also the enamelled variant of a brilliant white, which is used for the interior and gives the environments a refined look;

Yellow Cotto: it is produced in some areas of Tuscany and Umbria, it has pale yellow tones because the clay used contains limestone; it is one of the most requested varieties, used a lot since the Renaissance period since it well fits with classic style furnishings, evoking atmospheres of the past;

Cotto Siciliano: it is manufactured in Sicily, with clay extracted from local quarries and with volcanic sand that gives the pavements a remarkable hardness and high resistance to pounding and thermal excursions; for this reason the Cotto Siciliano brick are highly appreciated as covering of external pedestrian areas. There are several varieties, whose properties depend on the composition of the used clay, the finesse of grinding and the amount of water present in the dough; colors range from yellow to pink, to red and the appearance may be smooth or granular;

cotto lombardo: also called variegated, veined or streaked, because it is characterized by a surface full of red or yellow streaks, very similar to ornamental rocks, that enhance the polychromatic effect of the floor; Cotto Lombardo is well suited to any type of style, from classic to modern, is considered a “noble” product because it is made up of fine clay with a high fire resistance and thermal-acoustic insulation ; it also has hydroscopic capacities, that absorb moisture making interior areas more healthy.

Finishing

To change the appearance of the surface of terracotta floors, different finishes are made, either by special equipment or by manual techniques; sometimes the treatments can enhance the resistance to external agent aggression, trying not to completely eliminate its natural features. Alternatively you can leave the terracotta floors to the raw and original state, without any workmanship, so as not to alter its appearance. Here are some of the finishes that can be made on a terracotta floor:

sanding: the characteristics of an aged floor are reproduced, consumed by continuous pounding; it’s a technique that can be manually made before baking tiles with abrasive paper or can be done after installing by means of abrasive machines at a faster rate and with the possibility of making several rates of wear. Sanded cotto is very much requested in the renovations of farmhouses and old country houses, as it offers ancient pavements with the charm of the signs of the time;

smoothing: this is the reverse sanding process and serves to make the surface smooth and regular without affecting the color nuances; it’s a working in vogue since the ‘500 and today it is aimed at making terracotta floors more suitable to be placed in a modern context;

enamelling: in the production phase and before cooking, a thin layer of enamel is added to the surface, taking care not to level and not eliminate the typical irregularities of the product. The purpose of this process is either practical, as it creates a patina that protects the exterior and makes it easier to clean, and aesthetic because it allows to create decorations with hand-made paintings.
In practice first the enamel drawing is done, than it is cooked; than artistic drawings are made before doing a second cooking to fix well. In order to be able to adapt the terracotta floors to the most different types of furniture, it is possible to color the dough by combining oxides and paints thus obtaining various colors.
If you decide to buy a terracotta floor, you must be aware that this is not a reasonably cheap choice. For a good quality material hardly you can spend less than 20 euros per square meter; cheaper exemplars are generally of poor quality or have not received adequate treatments that make them weather resistant and waterproof.

THE COTTO ANTICO
The “Cotto Antico” is one of the most valuable materials in the building industry. It is a material that allows the rooms to look rustic but at the same time elegant and prestigious, just for the value that this type of cotto possesses.
Ths Cotto Antico, in fact, is still made with manual crafting methods and is one of the few materials that still boast this artisanal technique.
This is a variant of the natural cotto, as it derives from the same clay processing technique with ecological and environmentally friendly methods.
Recycled materials can also be used to make the old brickwork, as in the case of old terracotta tiles, typically found in ancient houses.
The Cotto Antico is distinguished by its antique appearance due to its high strength, compactness and ease of installation.
It is made with manual crafting techniques that exploits the natural materials it is made of to produce a timeless product.
The clay is extracted from the quarries and then dried in the open air for 40 days during which the material undergoes a natural treatment under the action of atmospheric agents. Subsequently, a clay and water mixture is created, which is then pressed into a mold by means of a tool or just by hands. The dough remains inside the mold for three days, during which it is possible to trim the bricks exceeding edges, so as to allow the air to penetrate better and accelerate the drying process.
The bricks are then cooked at a temperature that can exceed 1100 ° C.
The tiles of Cotto Antico give space to new formats that allow its adoption to different environments, even those in modern style, or inside the children’s rooms.
It can be used both for indoor and outdoor environments, but it is preferable to use it only for the last ones. In the interior of a house it is possible to use Cotto preserving it from possible damages, by means of special water-repellent and oil-repellent treatments.
Outdoors, usually, the cotto antico is used for covering the pool edges and many times it is left in the raw state to give a pleasurable feel to the plant of the foot.
It gives the rooms a feeling of welcoming and warmth, thanks to its ability to release warmth, very pleasant, especially during the winter days.
The Cotto Antico can be available in classic square tiles, or even in different sizes, much more stylized and suitable for modern environments. The new look, in terms of shape, leaves a wide space to the traditional red brick colour, making this material ideal for natural-looking interior flooring. From the square tiles, you go to the rectangular ones, up to stylized forms and of design.
The finishes can provide a smooth or rough appearance. The colors of Cotto Antico, however, do not run out in this color: they can also range from pink to blonde, depending on the matching needs. During the laying phase, are also possible special decorations or characteristic blurred surfaces.
The Cotto Antico is usually characterized by small imperfections and irregularities, which are distinguishing factors of its craftsmanship.
This is one of the most imitated types of building materials, which is due to its high prestige and its fame, to be sure not to buy a “fake cotto antico” it is necessary to request a quality certification of the material, to prevent any possible falsification.

THE COTTO ANTIQUED
The “Cotto Anticato” is an imitation (not a falsification) of the “Cotto Antico”, which allows to achieve the desired result with an unparalleled antique effect. With antiqued cotto, it is possible to obtain the same colors and peculiarities of cotto antico, customizing the dough, the workmanship and finishing. Its cost is, obviously, lower than that of cotto antico, but this depends on the result you search and on economic availability.
The antique effect floor is made using mixed, manual and industrial techniques, allowing you to have look always different, to ensure the naturalness of the material and bring it closer to the original.
State-of-the-art technology also improves the yield of the material, making the antique cotto much more resistant to wear and damage of the weather. However, the irregular and imperfect appearance remains a characteristic feature of this material, which tends to fully resemble the original material.

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Ceramics and Porcelain Stoneware

Ceramic manufacturers in recent years are excited about making shapes (even 3mx1m), surfaces and more and more special effects thanks to the creativity of their designers and technicians.
We are constantly up to date with the news.
It is possible to find enamelled or bulk stoneware, whether rectified or not, for indoor, or outdoor use.
Surface finishes are varied: polished, honed, lapped, satin, honed, bushy, flamed, grip, etc …
There are also special ranges of decorative pottery, a classic example is the ceramic treated with RAKU technique. Raku is a Japanese-born technique, in tune with the zen spirit, able to enhance the harmony of small things and beauty in simplicity and naturalness of the shapes. The origin of raku is related to the tea ceremony: a rite made with poor objects, centered on the cup that guests exchange. Its size was such that it could be contained in the palm of the hand.

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Resins for flooring, coatings and furniture

RENEW ENVIRONMENTS WITH STYLE AND WITHOUT DEMOLITION

We were among the first to use this fantastic material, initially it was only applied to flooring, but over the years the evolution of this product has enabled it to be used on both walls and furniture.
It is a material that applies to all types of surfaces, so it is very versatile and has ample space for creativity; it is fast, refined, durable, elegant and of design.

Monocomponent resin, water based, able to combine in a single solution high technical performance with a unique and inimitable aesthetic variety in just 2mm of thickness.

Features::
– Ideal solution for new surfaces and renovations
– Thickness: 2mm
– Applies directly to tiles and any existing coating on floors or walls
– Very good choice of effects and colors
– High resistance to scratching
– Water cycle and ecological
– Rapid in pose and odorless

Self-leveling resin: , solvent-free, thanks to its special resin biopolymer, after poured on the surface, it naturally self-levels to create exciting works of art and fantasy.
This resin can be used transparently to incorporate prints or small objects or with additives with over 40 special additives and pigments.

Features::
– Solvent-free self-leveling resin
– Ideal for tables, tops, furnishings, artistic paintings and floors with 15 application styles and over 40 colors and special effects
– A resin that drips, blends and moves sinuous to give emotion
– Creates eye-catching art surfaces

The trends of furniture, floors and walls of 2015 see as most requested the concrete effect, solutions made by using the prince element of building and construction, designed to give a touch of style to all the rooms in the house.
Once, it was only the purists of architecture who chose to accommodate concrete items inside the apartment, placing them in kitchen or living, elements with which the other materials could communicate, creating an industrial and sought after aesthetic. From the finishing of walls and floors, to the first design objects created a few years ago, the 2015 cement finishings, move from a roughest connotation to become the unmissable creations that give a touch of style to the home.

This product is made up of tiny resin particles, mineral fillers and cement. The preparation is in fine powder. To use them, add water according to the specifications given in the technical sheet.
The product is applied using a trowel to achieve concrete effects and shades of concrete with remarkable scratch resistance.

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Plasters and paintings

PLASTERS
Plaster mortars were known since antiquity. In very remote times, in fact, we find clay plaster, similar to those that are still in use in our days. Later on, the lime was used as the base of the product in ancient Greece. With lime, there were made external plasterboards capable of withstanding over time and that are still visible in the remains of ancient Greek temples.
Also the Romans already knew the advantages of so-called hydraulic materials.
Compared to those times, construction technology has undergone profound transformations. The discovery of Portland cement, which took place in the middle of the nineteenth century, has provided a hydraulic binder to obtain building materials of exceptional resistance and durability.
Plaster is traditionally a mortar made up of a binder (hardening) that incorporates sand of selected granulometric dimension with a maximum diameter not generally greater than 2 millimeters. The sand used can be calcareous or siliceous, of fluvial origin (natural) or derived from grinding; Additives (such as cellulose, starch, silica smoke, etc.) are also present in modern plasters.
The “typical” thickness of the plaster is 2 centimeters, although under certain circumstances and for certain needs and typologies, it can be increased.
Basically, the overwhelming majority of plasters are distinguished, according to the binder used, in:
– Plaster based on hydrated lime;
– Plaster based on hydraulic lime;
– Lime plaster + Portland cement, with lime prevalence;
– Cement-based plaster + lime, with cement prevalence;
– Gypsum plaster.

Plaster mainly performs three functions:
– to achieve a smooth finish valid from the aesthetic point of view;
– to protect the wall structures on which it is applied
– to be a real and promising hygrometer of the environment.

Outside, the plaster has a prevailing protective function against the corrosive action of the atmospheric agents, so, its most important property will be to absorb water and return it quickly to the air; it must also exhibit good vapor permeability. Degradation of external plaster, in fact, is mainly caused by water infiltrations, as well as by the effect of thermal excursions: first appear swells, then the detachments. Once started, the degradation process moves quickly and, in a short time, the wall is left uncovered.

Inside, , instead, one of the main plaster tasks is surely to absorb the surface moisture of the walls, avoiding condensation and dripping phenomena (lime mortars are undoubtedly the most suitable to meet these requirements). It also has the purpose of making the wall surfaces smooth to allow them to receive the desired finishing (painting, application of wall papers … etc). In indoor environments, if well ventilated and dry, the plaster has a very long life span.

The execution of the plaster at the rule of art presents several difficulties. First, the surface of the wall must well moistened, and the mortar is thrown violently so that it can adhere tenaciously to the wall. If the wall is not adequately wet, it tends to subtract water from the plaster mortar, causing cracks that make it easier to detach.
If the plaster is made in hot and dry season it may cause too rapid evaporation of the water contained in the mortar, resulting in cracks on the outer surface. If the mortar is too fat with binder, the retreat is excessive, causing a number of cracks (cobwebs). If, after executed, the plaster “sounds hollow”, it must be redone.
Of utmost importance is the correct use of the so-called “complementary products”, which are to be drowned in the thickness of the plaster: reinforcement mesh and plaster mesh, edge protections, delimiting profiles, T-shaped profiles, expansion joints … etc.
Thus, the success of a plaster is a function of perfect coordination between mortar, dosage, thickness of layers and cautions in execution.

PAINTING AND OTHER FINISHES

The finishing to be applied to the walls varies in colors and techniques:

Painting with roller and / or brush

Painting with roller and / or brushstroke is the most classic and simple of painting techniques. With some remedies you can also whiten house DIY with this type of technique.
After properly preparing the walls to be painted, in fact, you simply apply the color to the wall with the roller or brushstroke in multiple layers to get optimal coverage. The result will be to get uniform and regular coverage.
With specific kinds of roller that has designs applied, you can also perform the “printed painting technique” to create special shapes on the wall.

Spray painting

Spray painting is an alternative to roller painting and always serves to cover large surfaces with a uniformly distributed color layer. If done well, this kind of technique allows you to get a completely smooth and uniform result, without any of the characteristic roller or brush marks.
A specific difficulty of spray painting, is that the color particles are released into the air, tinging everything they come into contact with. Therefore, be sure to cover perfectly any surface that should not be painted, and be careful that there is no wind in the area where you are working (windows can not close in danger of intoxication).

Spatulas painting

The spatula technique requires a certain degree of familiarity, but it certainly has a great effect. This, in fact, makes the wall completely shiny and smooth to the touch.
Elegant and challenging, this particular painting technique is more suitable for classic-style environments. It is performed by applying the color with a metal or plastic spatula with rounded edges.

Tinting with the cloth

The effect of this particular painting technique lies in the category of velvet painting and is very special and beautiful to see.
In addition, cloth painting DIY is easy enough to do: apply a base color on the entire surface to be painted and then tab a cloth, dash it in the desired color and gently tap the wall.

Spongy effect painting

Even spongy painting is a fairly easy-to-apply velvet painting technique, which results in an aesthetically interesting result: the shape of the sponge creates, in fact, a play of lights and shades that are very pleasing to the eye.
There are two basic techniques for painting with spongy effect.
– the method “to put” that is to apply the base color and then apply the second layer of color by tapping the soaked sponge of color on the surface
– the “remove” method that consists in applying the so-called primer or base color, and then also the color with which the sponge effect is to be created. Then, very quickly to avoid drying the color, pass the dry sponge to remove the color by showing the primer to create the sponge effect.

Painting with scratched effect

To perform the modern painting technique with scratched or striped effect, the same procedure as the sponge-like painting with the removal technique is performed. However, instead of removing the color with a dry sponge, you must scratch the wall with a spatula irregularly to create a very interesting and varied stripes design.
Alternatively, you can scratch the painting with horizontal or vertical movements to create the typical striped effect. The resulting effect is particularly vintage and adapts well to 60 and 70s style environments.
Among the other most famous wall finishes are:
– lime plaster;
– Venetian stucco;
– colored plaster.

Surfaces, colors, intensity, effects are so many:, rely on us and our experience to find what’s best for you.

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Sanitary fixtures and faucets

We are able to offer you the best of Italian design and quality on the market, both for faucets and sanitary ware and sinks.

The bathroom can become a comfortable oasis and peace in which to devote time to yourself, in which, in the future, you will for sure remain more than you actually need!
Stop, close your eyes and try to see true relaxation ….
If you start to hear the sound of flowing water, the scent of wood and incense, perceiving the warm and muffled dampness of the steam, it means that you are ready to immerse yourself in the invigorating atmosphere of the SPAs.
Do you feel attracted by Japanese culture with its rituals of purification and relaxation, or are you more in tune with the steam baths in the Hammam? Or still, in your mountain house, is the sauna what you do need just to close a day on the peaks in beauty?
It is not just imagination or pure suggestion, because with the technologies available today it is not necessary to have an extra large bathroom or to consume huge amounts of water: even a simple shower can be transformed into a Turkish bath and a normal bathroom in a true home SPA with every comfort.
Trust us, thanks to our experience you will be able to create your own bath of full aesthetic appeal and relax.

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Accessories

The term “crystal” indicates a transparent and particularly brilliant glass type, which has an high concentration of lead oxide (in fact it is also called lead glass). In Murano, however, it is called crystal the pure and transparent glass, although in Murano’s formulation lead is not foreseen. The Venetian crystal is a particularly brilliant, homogeneous, absolutely colorless glass and is a sodium-calcium glass, which makes it suitable for long working times and the production of blown objects since it keeps the plastic state for a long time.
The secret of the quality of the Venetian crystal lies in the purity of the raw materials used, first of all the silica, the clever use of the de-colorants, the accurate preparation of the vitrible mixture and the fusion conduction. Every worth your salt glassware, uses its own composition that is unique and jealously guarded, because it is not enough to melt any blend of vitrifier and melters to get a good glass.
The extraordinary transparency of the Venetian crystal is best appreciated in the glass brick: perfectly clear and transparent despite its 5 cm thick.

Molded glass poured into a mold: : it is the oldest glass processing technique. To create plates or tiles, special forms of different sizes are used, within which the molten glass is poured directly.

Hot colouring without melting: this process was designed by Ercole Barovier towards the end of the 1920s and consists of the inclusion of chemicals or other elements that take on particular colors in the high temperature between two transparent and glowing glass layers. This creates beautiful effects, never equal to each other.

Bubbling: it contains a myriad of bubbles of air and is obtained by pouring glass into a special mold with metal tips. The tips leave small holes in the glass, which, once covered with other glass, hold small amounts of air. This technique was developed in Murano in the ’30s of the twentieth century and allows the creation of objects of particular suggestion.

Acid treated glass: for the acidification process, it is used with hydrofluoric acid, the only acid capable of affecting the glass . This way it is obtained a silky, homogeneous, touch-sensitive surface, called “satinate”. Acidification makes the surface more gentle and less dirty than sandblasting.

Milky Glass: it was invented in Murano around 1450 to imitate the first precious Chinese porcelain arrived in Venice. It is a white opaque glass, such as milk, thanks to the opacifying agents that contain minute crystals of calcium fluoride and sodium that reflect the light, resulting in both the opacity and the characteristic coloration.

Cased glass: with this technique glowing glass is poured on a glass of different color, destined to stay inside.

Wire-cast glass processing: a thin wire of glass goes down from the crucible and is wrapped around the mold by hand. This is how the lamps are born.

Rolled wire ribbon glass processing: the glass craftsman hand sets the glass ribbon, still ductile, in clever wraps around a mold, as to create a kind of transparent glass lace. With this technique the lamps are produced.

Bonding, sealant, treating three uses, a single product, an innovative idea.
It is the filling epoxy mortar for excellence: a reference point for the industry, anti-acid, anti-yellowing UV resistant for indoor and outdoor use. Strong under extreme conditions, it is a sealant resistant to abrasion, to bending and to mechanical compression according to EN 12808-3.
Ideal for the plastering of ceramic tiles and porcelain stoneware, glassy, artistic and metallic mosaic, natural and recycled stones, clinker, wood, cobblestones, glass bricks.
Suitable for contact with food, ensures stain resistant, water repellent gaps and sealing without cracking, preventing dirt to stand.
The result is an easy-to-clean joint that contributes decisively to the hygiene of the surface.
These qualities together with the natural properties of bacteriostatic sealant, prevent proliferation of mushrooms and molds on the joints and make it suitable for grouting with high hygiene requirements are required.
To safeguard food safety when used for kitchen work surfaces, in restaurants, bars, ice-cream parlors, confectioneries and for grouts in food industries such as dairies, oil mills, breweries and cellars.
It is also ideal for the plastering of environments dedicated to relaxation and wellness in your home, such as a bathroom, shower area and hot tub, but also in leisure time.
In the building of wellness such as in saunas, Turkish baths, thermal baths, SPAs
In sports facilities, in gyms, swimming pools, changing rooms.
Suitable for grouting of
• Porcelain stoneware
• Klinker
• Glassy mosaic
• Metal mosaic
• Natural stones
• Recycled stones
• Wood
• Pebbles
• Brick Glass

Suitable for laying and plastering of floors and cladding of::
• Bathrooms
• Shower cabin
• Pools
• Hot tubs
• Saunas
• Turkish baths

Particularly suitable for food treating environment::
• Dairies
• Oil mills
• Brewers and wineries
• Meat processing tables
• Kitchens tables in restaurants and confectionery

Unlimited multiplicity: cut, shape, paste

The panel has a hard core of blue extruded polystyrene foam without HCFC. This makes the construction panel the ideal base for laying tiles, mosaics and plaster of all types. It can be practically used on any type of substrate, it is waterproof, heat-insulating, usable in a various fashions, lightweight and stable.
The panel is 100% hermetic and also 100% safe.
The XPS blue core is 100% watertight and continues to be in the event of any damage.
The cementitious surface forms an extremely strong adhesion base thanks to the embedded fabric.
All panel systems are highly heat-insulating, save energy costs and provide long-lasting mold protection.

We have high quality synthetic materials, always innovative, with the highest quality assurance. They are plastic materials, synthetic and composite panels that are a reference for architects and designers, both stylistically, thanks to always new collections of materials, and technical given the support for each project and the know-how provided.
We offer a wide range of products for which we also deliver cutting and delivery service in extremely fast times.
They are fire and chemicals resistant materials, in particular to common acids and alkalis; they are also anti-noise: some panels have a macrocellular and alveolar soul that combines structural features of self-portrayal and lightness with exceptional aesthetic qualities.
The wide range of colors, finishes and thicknesses exalts and inspires the creativity of any design.
Particular attention is paid to the respect for nature with solutions that make better use of production and processing technologies for nature conservation and waste recovery. Our goal is to have a product range consisting only of materials that can be recycled.
We offer you AISI 316 stainless steel design products for a prestigious, modern, clean and harmonious home environment with complete and consistent product lines.
YOu can find handles, handlebars, parapets, skirting boards, staircases, complete kit for private and public bathrooms, plates etc. …
We also have a wide range of aluminum, brass and steel profiles designed to be used in a variety of applications with different floor and lining materials.
These profiles can act as a protection angles, contrast partition, steps, or purely aesthetic finishings with inside some leds, to complement and enrich some materials such as ceramics, wood and vinyl flooring.
They are deformable profiles that can be customized to create bends using only the pressure of the hands.
These deformable products, extends to all types of metal.
Aluminum finishes are: anodized, polished, varnished and natural.
And there is still vast choice of iron stairs, micro-perforated and ironed plates …

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